Nurse practitioner licensure by state
Career Resources

Nurse Practitioner Licensure by Endorsement: A State-by-State Guide

The Nurse Licensure Compact (NLC) has made it exceedingly easier for registered nurses (RNs) to travel between states and help fill temporary staffing gaps at facilities around the nation. While these gaps also exist among advanced practice staff, the Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN) Compact has yet to garner enough support to be implemented. Travel nurse practitioners (NPs) seeking top-paying APRN jobs should research which states offer relatively quick licensure endorsement requirements or temporary permits. Whether you’re considering a permanent move or simply exploring the country through travel NP contracts, use this guide to quickly compare the requirements for an NP license by endorsement in each state.

Nurse Practitioner Licensure Prerequisites

Nurse practitioners, referred to as Certified Nurse Practitioners (CNPs), Registered Nurse Practitioners (RNPs) or Certified Registered Nurse Practitioners (CRNPs) by some state nursing boards and other regulatory agencies, complete more steps to become licensed due to their advanced practice capabilities. RN licensure is always a prerequisite to APRN licensure.

Usually, a nurse holds the RN and APRN credentials simultaneously. While an RN credential is referred to as a license nationwide, the NP credential may be referred to as a license, registration, certificate or authorization, depending on the state. In some cases, RNs upgrade their status from RN to APRN licensure, but RN licensure and APRN licensure aren’t always held in the same state. 

Currently, 41 U.S. states or territories have adopted the NLC, with 36 fully implementing the Compact. An RN living in a Compact state may obtain a multistate license without obtaining any further licensure if they qualify and work in other party states as a registered nurse. However, they can’t practice as an NP on their multistate RN license in another state. Instead, they must either obtain licensure by endorsement to practice as an NP or obtain a single-state nurse practitioner license in each state of practice.

NLC Map - Sept 2023

Source: NCSBN

Individual states can also set additional requirements for NP licensure. For example, a state may require a fingerprint-based background check, even if the NP has already cleared a background check at the RN level. Some states may have a supervised or collaborative practice requirement for prospective NPs. In many states, NPs must apply separately for prescriptive authority due to the significant variability in prescribing authorization among states.

State-Level Nurse Practitioner License Requirements

Some states have streamlined the licensure process for nurses, including advanced practice nurses, making it quicker to earn licensure and get to work. Some states offer a temporary NP license for those licensed in other states. Most states allow nurse practitioners to gain an endorsement in as little as 4 to 8 weeks.

Washington is one of the quickest states, aiming to issue permanent licensure or a temporary permit to practice within 7 business days of receiving a completed endorsement application. Kentucky boasts issuance of APRN licenses by endorsement within 14 business days, barring any disciplinary or conviction questions. Conversely, California has one of the lengthiest endorsement application processing time frames, with initial evaluations taking up to 90 days.

While overall licensure requirements vary, the basic steps tend to be similar. The following table provides a run-down of licensure requirements by state, offering a quick reference for NPs seeking answers to common licensure questions, including the availability of temporary licenses.

Breakdown of NP Licensure by Endorsement Requirements

State NP Page

Licensure by Endorsement Requirements

Temporary Licensure


Active Alabama RN License or multistate RN license issued by an NLC state

Graduate degree in an NP role (waiver may be granted at the Board’s discretion)

National certification as an NP in specialty consistent with education

Signed copies of the Standard Protocol and Quality Assurance Plan for each physician collaboration

Collaborating physicians must complete the Commencement Form through the Alabama Board of Medical Examiners (ABME)

ABME must notify the Alabama Nursing Board (ABN) that it received the Commencement Form and fee before ABN will issue a temporary approval for collaborative practice

Effective January 2024:
Continuing education content must include information on the rules and statutes governing collaborative practice in Alabama

New graduate NPs may be granted temporary approval to practice before passing the national certification exam

No information is available for practicing NPs licensed in another state


Active APRN license in another state with similar licensing requirements

A graduate degree in an NP role

Current national certification in the population focus for which the applicant received APRN education

Reference letter from the applicant’s past employer verifying they have been employed in a nursing capacity for at least 320 hours within the last five years before application

May grant a temporary permit to practice as an APRN to applicants currently certified as an APRN in another state or jurisdiction with requirements at least equivalent to those of Alaska

Nonrenewable and not to exceed 6 months


Current Arizona RN license or RN license from a Compact state with multistate privileges, or complete the RN licensure by endorsement process simultaneously

Graduate degree with a major in nursing for RNP

National certification as an APRN in the appropriate role and population focus

Submission of a fingerprint card for background check

Endorsement applicants meeting all licensure requirements who have been issued a temporary Arizona RN license or hold a current professional license in good standing in another compact party state may be issued a temporary APRN license


Valid Arkansas RN license or compact state RN license with multistate privileges  and APRN license from another state

Create a user profile account on the Arkansas Nurse Portal

Submit complete licensing history obtained from Nursys

Submit complete educational history, including an official transcript supplied by the university/college where APRN program was completed

Submit a copy of national certification

Complete state and federal background checks

Application for Prescriptive Authority must be completed separately in the Arkansas Nurse Portal

Temporary license for NP may be offered after submitting a copy of national certification, Arkansas state criminal background check results, verification of APRN license in another state with fitness to practice and verification of active RN license in Arkansas

Valid for up to six months and nonrenewable

Doesn’t apply to prescriptive authority


Hold a California RN license

A master’s degree in nursing, master’s degree in a clinical field related to nursing or graduate degree in nursing

Completion of a nurse practitioner education program approved by the Board

National certification as a nurse practitioner in one or more patient focus categories from a national certification organization accredited by the National Commission on Certifying Agencies or the Accreditation Board for Specialty Nursing Certification

Completion of any supplemental examination developed by California state agencies for NPs in select settings

Not offered


Active Colorado RN license or Compact-Multistate RN license

Verification of national certification for population focus

Declare primary state of residency

Attest to holding professional liability insurance

Complete a separate application for prescriptive authority (RXN)

Not offered


Current Connecticut registered nurse license

Current certification as a nurse practitioner from the national organization for the corresponding patient focus

Complete 30 hours of education in pharmacology for advanced nursing practice

Hold a graduate degree in nursing or a related field recognized for certification as an NP

Document submission directly from the source, including official transcript, verification of certification from certifying agency and verification of all held, current or expired nurse practitioner licenses from every state

APRN nurse graduates may apply for a temporary permit to practice up to 120 days under the direct supervision of a licensed doctor or APRN while waiting to take the certification examination


Currently hold or concurrently apply for an active RN license in Delaware or an NLC state

Master’s degree or post-basic program certificate in a clinical nursing specialty

National certification from a national certification body recognized by the Board

Practiced in the role and population focus specialty for 600 hours over the last two years or 1,500 hours over the last past five years or graduated from a specialty program relevant to the role and population focus within the last two years

NPs may apply for a temporary permit simultaneously with their application for NP licensure in Delaware

Expires 90 days from issuance

District of Columbia

Current RN license in the District of Columbia

Completed a post‐basic nursing education program relevant to the APRN’s area of practice

Licensed or nationally certified as an APRN under the laws of a state or territory of the United States

Criminal background check

Verification of national APRN certification

Within 5 days of applying for licensure by endorsement, NPs receive a practice letter that allows them to practice under supervision

Practice letters expire 90 days from issuance or upon written notice that the application for endorsement has been denied, whichever comes first


Valid RN license from any U.S. jurisdiction

Master’s degree or post-master’s degree certification

Proof of national advanced practice certification from an approved nursing specialty board

Proof of malpractice insurance or exemption

Electronic fingerprinting for initial licensure

Not offered


Multistate RN license from any Compact state

Master’s degree or other graduate degree from an approved nursing education program in the APRN role/specialty

National board certification in the APRN role/specialty

Proof of earning a master’s degree or higher from an APRN education program in an area of specialty, 500 hours of practice as an APRN or completion of a Georgia Board-approved APRN reentry/refresher program within four years preceding application

Temporary authorization to practice may be granted to RNs applying for authorization to practice as APRNs while the Board completes an investigation or the RN completes practice requirements to renew an expired national certification

Valid for up to 6 months and renewable once for up to 6 months


Current, unencumbered license as an RN in Hawaii

Fingerprinted for criminal background check

Self-query report from the National Practitioner Data Bank if licensed as an RN or APRN in any other state

Accredited graduate-level education program leading to a certified registered nurse practitioner

National certification by a certifying body recognized by the Board

Not offered


Current RN licensure in Idaho or multistate RN license from a Compact state

Graduate or post-graduate APRN program accredited by a national organization recognized by the Board

Current national certification for NP by an organization recognized by the Board

Documentation of 30 contact hours of pharmacotherapeutics related to APRN practice

Fingerprint-based criminal background check

Employment verification

Temporary APRN licenses may be issued while:

  • Awaiting initial certification results
  • Applying for recertification when certification has lapsed and practice requirements haven’t been met
  • Awaiting permanent licensure when the applicant is licensed as an APRN in another nursing jurisdiction and has current national certification
  • Completing minimum required practice hours for renewal
  • Application is being processed

Temporary license terms vary based on the reason for issuance


Current Illinois RN license

Current national certification for NP

Graduate degree or post-master’s certificate from a graduate-level program in a clinical APRN specialty or graduate degree appropriate for national certification in the clinical APRN specialty

Verification of APRN licensure from the state or original licensure, current state of licensure and any other state(s) actively practicing as an APRN within the last 5 years

Temporary license may be issued to practice pending APRN licensure

Valid for up to 6 months or until application completion or denial, whichever comes first


Active Multistate (Compact) RN license from home state

Fingerprinting/criminal background check

Graduate program (Master’s or Doctoral) from a college/university accredited by the Commission on Recognition of Postsecondary Accreditation

30 contact hours of continuing education, with at least 8 hours in pharmacology during the 2 years preceding application

Letter of reference

Collaborative practice agreement

Not offered


Active unrestricted license as an RN

Graduation from an accredited graduate or postgraduate advanced practice educational program in a Certified nurse practitioner role

Certification issued by a national professional certification organization as a certified nurse practitioner in an appropriate population focus

Not offered


Current license to practice as an advanced practice registered nurse in the role for which application is made issued by a nursing licensing authority of another jurisdiction

Post-basic nursing education program that prepared applicant for practice in the role of advanced practice for which application is made

Fingerprinting for national criminal history record check

Proof of APRN certification in the applicant’s specific role and population focus granted by a national certifying organization

Proof of malpractice insurance coverage

Temporary license to practice as an APRN may be issued for up to 180 days pending application completion


Current Kentucky RN license or current RN multistate compact license

Current national certification in a KBN-approved population focus

State and federal criminal background checks through IdentoGO

Official transcript of advanced practice education with degree and date posted

Not offered


Current/valid, unrestricted Louisiana RN license

Current licensure in another state as an NP

Graduate degree or post-graduate award with a concentration in the respective NP role and population focus

Current national certification in the specific NP role and population focus

Current clinical practice/competency or completion of the NP educational program within 2 years

APRN temporary permits are only offered in very select circumstances and aren’t offered to new graduates

APRN temporary permits may be extended for justifiable causes


Active RN license in Maine or another compact state where applicant legally resides

National certification in the specialty listed in the application

Final post-master’s certificate and/or master’s degree transcript reflecting completion of a 3-credit pharmacology course

Fingerprinting for a criminal background check

Apply online but upload a manually signed signature page and current photo (not a driver’s license, ID or passport)

Not offered


Current Maryland license in good standing to practice registered nursing or a multistate licensure privilege to practice registered nursing

Board-approved accredited graduate-level program for NPs at the master’s level or higher

Current national certification from the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners Certification Board or other national certifying body recognized by the Board for each area of specialization in which certification is sought 

Temporary license is offered to graduate NPs only


Valid Massachusetts RN licensure

Good moral character by submitting documentation regarding past and present conduct and disciplinary and/or criminal history

Graduate degree program that prepared applicant to practice as a CNP with graduate-level core content in advanced assessment, pathophysiology and pharmacotherapeutics

Current license or authorization as a CNP in another state, the District of Columbia or a U.S. Territory

Current CNP certification granted by a Board Recognized APRN Certifying Organization

Completion of training required to engage in prescriptive practice if desired

Not offered


Current and valid RN license in Michigan or from another state

Final, official transcript of professional nurse education program

National certification from a certification organization meeting the Board’s standards, with verification of NP certification submitted directly to the Board office from the certifying agency

Criminal background check

Good moral character questions

Human trafficking and implicit bias training

Not offered


Current Minnesota RN license

Graduate-level APRN program accredited by a nursing or nursing-related accrediting body in the NP role and one of six focus populations

Post-Graduate Practice Verification form

Certification by a national certifying body recognized by the Board in the NP role and one of six focus populations

Criminal background check

Not offered


Current Mississippi RN license or active, unrestricted RN multistate Compact license

Must complete RN endorsement before NP certification can be granted

Fingerprinting and criminal background checks

Completed Board application via the online license management system

Official transcript of graduation from an accredited master’s degree or higher program with a major in nursing in the NP role that included clinical experience

Current national certification as an NP by a national certification organization recognized by the Board

Can obtain NP Certification without a formal collaborative agreement, but agreement must be submitted to the Board before beginning practice

Not offered


Must have a current Missouri APRN Document of Recognition before working as an APRN in the state

Current, unencumbered RN license in Missouri or another Compact state

Completion of advanced nursing program

Submit evidence of APRN national certification as an NP within the respective nursing population focus area of practice

Minimum of 800 clinical practice hours in the NP clinical specialty area within the 2 years preceding application

Temporary recognition is offered to new graduate APRNs only


Current Montana RN license or multistate RN license from another Compact state, or submit an RN application concurrently with APRN application

Current national certification in the NP role and population focus congruent with education preparation

Official transcript from advanced nursing educational program

Official verification of RN/APRN licensure from all jurisdictions for the preceding 2 years

Submit fingerprints to Montana Department of Justice for background check

Not offered


Active Nebraska RN license or multistate RN license from home state

National certification from an approved national certifying organization

Official transcript documenting completion of approved APRN education program

Fingerprints must be submitted to Nebraska State Patrol for criminal background check

Minimum of 2,000 practice hours between graduation and initial certification as an NP or attestation of a written Transition to Practice agreement with a supervising provider

Temporary APRN license may be issued for 120 days and may be extended for up to one year with APRN Board approval to new APRN graduates, applicants needing to complete practice hours for a re-entry program or pending application completion of a nurse authorized to practice as an NP in another state


Proof of active nurse practitioner license in another jurisdiction

Official transcript from an advanced nursing education program that included advanced role preparation in specific clinical specialty and advanced health assessment, pathophysiology and pharmacology

Certification as an APRN by a nationally recognized certification agency approved by the Board

Fingerprint card or electronic fingerprint submission for background checks

Upon application submittal, applicants may be issued a one-time temporary license

Temporary licenses are valid for 6 weeks and aren’t extendable

New Hampshire

RN license in New Hampshire or Compact state

Copy of state-issued driver’s license

Verification of licensure

Official Advanced Practice Transcripts from degree institution

National Certification

Education Requirements:
Graduate Nursing Program within 2 years of application date or 30 Continuing Education hours

  • 5 of the 30 hours must be in Pharmacology
  • 3 of the 5 hours must be in either opioid prescribing, pain management or substance abuse disorder

Criminal background and fingerprinting

Temporary license offered to new APRN graduates only

New Jersey

Completed application form containing all biographical, education and experience information

Verification of certification as an APRN in good standing in another state

Proof of completion of educational requirements in a state with substantially similar educational requirements as New Jersey

Proof of current certification by a national certifying agency accredited by the American Board of Nursing Specialties and/or the National Commission for Certifying Agencies

Current application fee set by NJ statutes

Not offered

New Mexico

Current, unencumbered RN license from New Mexico or a multistate RN Compact license

Verification directly from licensing authority, which includes details on graduate-level nursing program designed for the education and preparation of NPs as providers of primary, acute, chronic, long-term or end-of-life healthcare

Verification from applicant of national certification as an NP

Completion of prescriptive authority requirements if applicable

Applicants lacking required preceptorship may be considered for licensure if they have 2 years of NP experience in another jurisdiction

Continuing education isn’t required for initial CNP licensure by endorsement

Temporary NP license may be issued to applicants who submit a completed endorsement application and a copy of current national certification as an NP barring any exceptions

Valid for up to 6 months from the application date and non-renewable

New York

Criminal background check

Hold licensure and registration as an RN in New York State (NY isn’t a compact state and doesn’t accept compact RN licenses issued by other states)

Hold an unencumbered NP license or certification issued by another state or U.S. territory with substantially equivalent licensure standards as NYS or graduate of an NP education program in another state or U.S. territory equivalent to those offered in NYS

Verification of license/certification from the licensing authority to the NYS Education Department

Verification of professional education directly from school, including official transcript, including demonstration of completion of acceptable graduate-level pharmacotherapy coursework

Verification of NP certification from national certifying organization

Completion and verification of coursework on NYS and federal laws governing prescriptions and record-keeping

Not offered

North Carolina

Completion of a master’s degree or higher in nursing or related field with primary focus on nursing

Completion of a nationally accredited graduate-level NP education program

Active, permanent, unencumbered RN license issued by North Carolina or a multistate License from a Compact state

Verification of national certification by American Nurses Credentialing Center, American Academy of Nurse Practitioners Certification Board, American Association of Critical Care Nurses Certification Corporation, National Certification Corporation of the Obstetric Gynecological and Neonatal Nursing Specialties or Pediatric Nursing Certification Board

Completion of online application for Initial Approval to Practice approved by the North Carolina Board of Nursing (BON) and Medical Board for collaborative practice agreement with a supervising physician licensed in the state

One-time registration to use the title Nurse Practitioner in North Carolina

Not offered

North Dakota

Current North Dakota RN license, current Compact RN license in an NLC state or initial RN License by Endorsement application submitted for those not meeting the first two options

Official transcripts showing completion of an accredited graduate-level NP program with at least one population focus

Primary source verification of current certification by a national nursing certifying body as an NP in the appropriate population focus matching education

Completed Initial Advanced Practice License with or without Prescriptive Authority Application

Criminal History Record Check, if one hasn’t been completed for ND Board of Nursing within the past 180 days.

A 90-day temporary APRN permit without prescriptive authority may be issued to NP applicants with a current RN license who meet all education requirements and have applied for the next national nursing certification examination or are awaiting their certification results


Completion of an Ohio RN Licensure by Endorsement application

Current, valid nurse practitioner license in any state other than Ohio

Official transcript showing completion of a master’s or doctoral degree with a major in a nursing specialty qualifying applicant for NP national certification that included an advanced pharmacology course

Verification of NP national certification from a Board-approved national certifying organization emailed directly to the Board

Completion of 2 hours of continuing education in Ohio laws that govern drugs and prescriptive authority

Documentation of prescribing in another jurisdiction continuously for 1 year within the last 3 years, including controlled substances

NP Reciprocity applicants may receive a temporary license to practice in Ohio as an NP if the Ohio BON receives verification directly from another State BON of their current, valid NP license


Current Oklahoma RN license, dated temporary Oklahoma RN license or multistate RN license from an NLC state with Oklahoma multistate practice privilege

Graduate-level degree from an APRN education program accredited by the Accreditation Commission for Education in Nursing, the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education or the Commission for Nursing Education Accreditation

Current national certification by a Board-recognized national certifying body in the specialty area consistent with applicant’s educational preparation

Must demonstrate continued qualifications to practice as an NP through one or more of the following requirements within the 2 years preceding application for Oklahoma NP endorsement:

  • Submission of an official transcript or certificate of completion of an NP nursing refresher course
  • Submission of an official transcript for at least 6 academic semester credit hours of NP nursing courses in the same population focus as the graduate-level APRN program
  • Current NP licensure or recognition in another state with NP employment of at least 520 work hours
  • Current national certification consistent with NP educational preparation from a national certifying body recognized by the Board

Upload an Affidavit of Citizenship Status

Submission of fingerprint images for a state and national criminal history records search through the OSBI and FBI

A temporary NP license valid for 90 days may be issued to applicants with a current unrestricted Oklahoma RN license, current unrestricted nurse practitioner license or recognition from another state or  territory and who can prove they completed an NP education program, hold current national certification, meet the continuing qualifications for practice and submitted fingerprints for a background check


Unencumbered Oregon RN license

A Master’s Degree in Nursing, a Master’s Degree congruent with the licensure being sought or a Doctorate in Nursing

Evidence of advanced-level course content in advanced health assessment, advanced pharmacology and advanced physiology and pathophysiology from the primary source

National certification from a national certifying body congruent with the licensure being sought

Within the 2 year prior to applying for Oregon NP licensure, applicants must have one of the following:

  • 400 hours of active NP practice within the applicant’s population focus
  • Graduated from their NP program or a post-master’s certification in the NP role being sought
  • Within 2 years of completing a Board-approved re-entry program or has applied for re-entry

NPs applying for licensure with prescriptive privilege must have completed one of the following:

  • An initial education program with at least 45 contact hours of advanced pharmacology concepts within the 2 years prior to applying
  • A 30-hour discrete pharmacology course congruent with the specialty role sought and 15 contact hours in pharmacological management congruent with the licensure sought and population focus
  • Current prescriptive privilege in another state or U.S. jurisdiction
  • Completion of required clinical education in pharmacological management

Not offered


Current, unrestricted license or certificate as an NP from another state or U.S. territory or possession or a foreign country

Meet the certification requirements effective at the time applicant was licensed or certified as a nurse practitioner by the other jurisdiction

Current national certification in the specialty the applicant is seeking certification

Official state criminal history record check  from current state of residence and every state where the applicant has lived, worked or received education within the last 5 years dated no more than 90 days prior to applying for NP licensure in Pennsylvania

Not offered

Rhode Island

Current, unencumbered license or practice privilege as an RN or APRN in any state or U.S. territory

Verification of licensure from all states where applicant has or has held an NP license using the Interstate Verification Form

Completion of a written License Application for APRN

Completion of an accredited graduate or postgraduate level NP program and at least one population focus

Certified by a national certifying body recognized by the BON as an NP in at least one population focus congruent to educational preparation

National Criminal Background check using fingerprints sent directly from the Department of Attorney General to the RI Board of Nursing

Completion of the Rhode Island Uniform Controlled Substances Act Registration Form to dispense, prescribe, store or order controlled substances

Application for a federal DEA Number registered to a RI business address

May qualify for an emergency 90-day temporary license by reciprocity, which can be renewed once for an additional 90 days

South Carolina

Completion of the Application for Advanced Practice Registered Nurse License by Endorsement

Current license from another state

Master’s degree from an accredited college or university with official transcripts sent directly to the SCBON from the nursing educational program

Specialty certification by a board-approved credentialing organization

Declared specialty area of nursing practice that matches the board-approved credentialing organization or the specialty area of nursing practice in which the applicant received advanced educational preparation

Completion of the application for Prescriptive Authority, which must include 20 hours of pharmacotherapeutics with 15 of those hours in controlled substances for applicants licensed in another state with prescriptive authority

Review the SC Nurse Practice Act and SC Medical Practice Act

Criminal Background Check

A temporary license is required to begin orientation if the applicant hasn’t obtained a South Carolina nurse practitioner license

South Dakota

Active, unencumbered SD RN license or Compact RN license with multistate privilege to practice

Full set of fingerprints for a state and federal criminal background check

Transcript(s) sent directly from each college, university or program attended or completed courses pertaining to NP education

College degree or post-graduate certificate must include date conferred, NP role and population focus area(s)

Primary source verification of NP certification through the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners – Certification Board, American Nurses Credentialing Center, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses, National Certification Corporation or the Pediatric Nursing Certification Board

Practice a minimum of 1,040 hours as a licensed NP within the preceding 5 years to practice without a collaborative agreement or submit a Collaborative Agreement with a licensed SD physician or Certified NP with at least 2 years of practice experience and practicing in a comparable area to the applicant’s NP education and certification

A temporary permit is offered for applicants with NP licensure in another state or U.S. territory awaiting licensure in SD and is required before beginning orientation

Valid for 120 days and isn’t renewable


Current RN license

Master’s degree or higher in a nursing specialty

Official electronic transcript indicating conferred advanced nursing degree sent directly to TBON

National specialty certification as an NP, with primary source verification sent to TBON

Declaration of Citizenship and proof of citizenship

Completion of the Mandatory Practitioner Profile Questionnaire

Criminal background check

Not offered


Texas doesn’t offer nurse practitioner licensure by endorsement, so applicants must meet all Texas NP licensure requirements regardless of other licensure or practice history

Current, valid Texas RN license or Compact RN license with multistate privilege

Primary source documentation of completion of an accredited NP graduate or post-graduate program with at least one population focus and included at least 500 supervised clinical hours and dedicated graduate-level courses in advanced health assessment, advanced pharmacology and advanced physiology and pathophysiology

National certification as an NP under the population focus congruent with educational preparation

Completion of the Nursing Jurisprudence Exam

Submission of fingerprints for a Criminal Background Check

Verification of licensure directly from all states, territories, provinces and countries where applicant held or has ever held a nursing license

Completion of 400 hours of NP practice in the appropriate patient focus area within the last 2 years, unless graduation of NP education program occurred in the last 2 years

Applicants may receive interim approval to practice as an NP in Texas for no more than 120 days if appears the applicants meet all the requirements for full licensure but the TXBON is awaiting further information to process the application


Office verification of current RN license in good standing

Official verification of active NP license in good standing deemed equivalent to Utah’s standards for at least one year

Graduate degree in an NP education program or a related area of specialized knowledge as determined appropriate, with coursework including patient assessment, diagnosis and treatment and pharmacotherapeutics

Official verification of national certification by a certification body approved by the National Commission on Certifying Agencies or the Accreditation Board for Specialty Nursing Certification

Criminal background check

Psychiatric mental health NPs must also demonstrate 3,000 hours of post-certification clinical practice

Submit a separate Utah Controlled Substance License if practice will include administering, possession of or prescribing controlled substances

Only offered to new graduate NPs seeking initial licensure


Vermont RN license or multistate RN license in a Compact state

Criminal Background Check

Official transcripts submitted from primary source verifying NP graduate program education, including completion of advanced assessment, advanced pathophysiology and advanced pharmacotherapies

Verification of all states or jurisdictions currently or previously licensed as an APRN

National advanced nursing practice specialty certification

Collaborative Agreement or Transition to Practice form

DEA number if applicable

Vermont BON may issue a 90-day provisional license for single-state licensees only if application is only missing licensure verification and/or receipt of criminal background check


Current Virginia RN license or RN license with multistate privilege from an NLC state

Verification of licensure as an APRN in another U.S. jurisdiction sent from primary source

Graduate degree in nursing or the appropriate nurse practitioner specialty from an educational program (official transcript only required if requested by VBON)

Verification of professional certification in specialty area consistent with education sent from primary source

Complete separate application for Prescriptive Authority, if applicable

Criminal background check

Proof of 5 years of full-time clinical experience to practice without a practice agreement with a physician

Temporary licenses only offered to NPs awaiting the outcome of the next National Specialty Examination


Active Washington state RN license or a multistate RN license

Multistate license applicants must print and complete the Active RN Multistate License in Another State Application and mail it in

Official transcripts from a graduate degree program in an NP role

Active national certification with NP designation from the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, American Nurses Credentialing Center, National Certification Corporation, Pediatric Nursing Certification Board, American Association of Critical Care Nurses or Oncology Nursing Certification Corporation

FBI fingerprint background check, if requested by WABON

Prescriptive Authority application must include a course in advanced pharmacology on the official transcript if graduation occurred less than 2 years ago or proof of 30 hours of pharmacology continuing education completed within the last 2 years if graduation occurred more than 2 years ago

WABON may issue a Temporary Practice Permit while the FBI Background is pending if one was required

West Virginia

Active RN license from WV if primary state of residence (PSOR) is WV or a non-NLC state or an active multistate RN license from another NLC state if PSOR is another NLC state

Official transcript from a graduate program accredited by a nurse accrediting body recognized by the US Department of Education or Council for Higher Education Accreditation submitted from the primary source

Transcripts from programs completed on or after January 2, 2015, must include completion of graduate courses in advanced physiology and pathophysiology, advanced health assessment and advanced pharmacology

Official verification of national certification for the appropriate APRN national certification in the NP role and population focus congruent with educational preparation

Not offered


Current license to practice as a professional nurse in Wisconsin or multistate license to practice professional nursing in another NLC state

Official verification of a master’s or doctoral degree in nursing or a related health field granted by a college or university accredited by an organization approved by the Council for Higher Education Accreditation from the primary source

Official verification of current certification as a nurse practitioner by a national certifying body approved by the board from the primary source

Completion of 45 contact hours in clinical pharmacology or therapeutics within the 5 years preceding application

Jurisprudence exam for advanced practice nurse prescribers

Verification of licensure in any state the applicant currently holds or previously held prescriptive authority from the primary source

NPs who prescribe independently must provide proof of malpractice insurance through personal liability insurance coverage or a group policy

Not offered


Official transcript from a nationally accredited graduate or post-graduate level

APRN educational program as an NP in an appropriate patient focus area

Official verification of national certification as an NP in the same focus area

Official verification of an active NP license from another jurisdiction

Submission of criminal background check fingerprint cards

Submit evidence of completion of advanced pharmacology, if applying for prescriptive authority

A temporary permit may be issued for applicants seeking endorsement for up to 90 days


Although NP licensure is set at the state level, there’s an emerging national model. Some states have endorsed legislative changes to conform to the National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN) APRN Consensus Model to make requirements more consistent and licenses more portable. The Consensus Model provides guidance for states to adopt uniformity in regulating APRN licensure, roles, education, accreditation and certification. While many jurisdictions have made significant progress in implementing the Consensus Model, numerous states have yet to adopt all the elements of APRN regulation.

Some states haven’t made any changes to NP licensing requirements in several years, while others have. When moving from state to state, NPs must know whether they meet the current requirements to practice, including having the appropriate education, certification, training and experience, before applying for a job.

Find your next NP job on Vivian and take your nurse practitioner career to the next level.

Moira K. McGhee

Moira K. McGhee is Vivian’s Senior Editor & All-Around Wordsmith. As part of the Vivian Health team, she strives to help support the empowerment of nurses and other healthcare professionals in their pursuits to find top-notch travel, staff, local contract and per diem positions faster and easier than ever.

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